ECS is committed to advancing the understanding of compost process science, design standards, and regulations within our industry. What articles/research papers do you think are important to this industry? We would love to hear from you:

ECS White Paper

Forced Aeration Composting

 A well-designed forced aeration composting system can provide a powerful tool to enable operators to meet complex regulations, including higher odor control standards.

ECS White Paper

BMPs for Food Waste Composting

There are a few simple Best Management Practices (BMPs) that can be performed regularly onsite at any composting facility and used as Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Read on to learn more.

ECS White Paper

BMPs for High Nitrogen Feedstocks

This pager outlines the steps necessary to process challenging feedstocks in to a BMP mix that can be maintained in aerobic conditions to minimize odor release and maximize decomposition rate.

ECS White Paper


Biofilters can provide odor and emissions reductions.


However, the effectiveness varies greatly based on the following conditions.

Peer Review Article

Effects of pH and Microbial Composition

A major problem for composting plants is odor emissions. This research links the correlation between low pH with slow decomposition and the impacts on odors and microbial growth.

Peer Review Article

Odor Measurement Wind Tunnel

Odor sampling: Techniques and strategies for the estimation of odor emission rates from different source types.

Peer Review Article

Decomposition Rates with Higher Aeration 

Higher pH and faster decomposition in biowaste composting by increased aeration.

Peer Review Article

Low pH as Inhibiting Factor in Transition from Mesophilic to Thermophilic

How acidity of household waste materials increases initial temperatures in composting process, and can have adverse effects in large-scale composting.

Industry Publications

Manage Food Waste Compost Odour Emmisions

Is your composting process beset by an odour emission problem? Don’t worry, Nordic Council of Ministers has financed a study providing practical instructions for food waste composting.

Industry Publications

Municipal Solid Waste Organics Processing

This is a technical document for communities considering options for processing organic waste and need more detailed, objective technical guidance and reliable information on the available processing technologies.

Industry Publications

Oxygen Solubility in Compost: Odor Technical Guide

UK Environment Tech Guide oxygen solubilitys it correlates  with temperature.

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Engineered Compost Systems